About Alstom

A historic step in #rail transport’s reduction in CO2 emissions for the benefit of passengers and regions, and in the development of a #hydrogen ecosystem as well as a promising sector for the future. @sncf Voyageurs, acting on behalf of the four French regions @region_auvergnerhoneaples @regionbourgognefranchecomte @laregiongrandest and @laregionoccitanie has signed the very first order of

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Alstom unveils worlds first high-voltage equipment designed

SF 6 is a potent greenhouse gas commonly used as an electrical insulator. In August 2014, Alstom became the first company in the world to offer the electrical industry a technically and economically viable alternative toSF 6. The first application is a pilot project for a 420 kV g 3 -insulated busbar 1.

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Feasibility of Establishing Air Monitoring Supersites in Hong

Atmospheric Research Center, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology . e. Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan . Prepared for : Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department (HKEPD) 33/F., Revenue Tower, 5 Gloucester Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong . June, 2009

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf 6 are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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Guidelines to Acount for and Report on Greenhouse Gas

generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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2012 Hong Kong Emission Inventory Report

emissions for the formulation of air quality management strategy. It helps assess the effectiveness of emission control measures that are in implementation, identify areas where control actions should be stepped up, support air quality impact modeling and assessment, etc. 1.2 This report presents the 2012 Hong Kong emission inventory.

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Vehicle Emission Inventory Development in Hong Kong

Vehicle Emission Inventory Development in Hong Kong Dr. Carol Wong Senior Environmental Protection Officer Environmental Protection Department February, 2012 Environmental Protection Department 2011 International Workshop on Mobile Source Emission Inventory and Transportation Conformity 1

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Summary Guidance for Operators of Equipment Containing SF and

• It is equipped with a pressure or density monitoring device. Electrical switchgear which does not meet the exemptions above must be checked for leaks and if necessary repaired. The frequency of leak checking depends on the GWP of the F-gas (expressed in t CO 2 eq) as outlined in Table 1.

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G Guuiiddeelliinneess ttoo AAccccoouunntt ffoorr aanndd

generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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Information of Weather Station|Hong Kong Observatory(HKO

The Hong Kong Observatory Headquarters had been the reference synoptic station for Hong Kong since weather observations began in 1884. It was replaced by the KingPark Meteorological 23 Station on 1 July 1992. The Hong Kong International Airport became the reference synoptic station for Hong Kong on 1 April 2000.

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Global Emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride and the Costs of Reducing Them: EPA’s

Emissions = RAND sales to utilities + nameplate capacity of retiring equip. (40-year life) + 16% add-on for Russia and China (not in RAND)-U.S., Japanese, EU-25+3 emissions These emissions are allocated to countries according to their net electricity consumption.

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Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.

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Siemens insulating gas Gas Density Monitoring | Fluorinated Gas

Siemens sf6 gas Gas Density Monitoring The document below was a presentation conducted at the 2014 Workshop for Sulfr hexafluoride Emission Reduction Strategies. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page.

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Hong Kong Air Pollutant Emission Inventory - Carbon Monoxide

Road transport and navigation sectors were two major sources of CO emissions, accounting for 50% and 27% of the total CO emissions in 2018, respectively. During the same period, the gap between the CO concentration levels measured at the EPDroadside and ambient air quality monitoring stations have narrowed, indicating that vehicular CO

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2 CARBON EMISSIONS - Climate Ready

the per capita emissions for the world should average around 2 tonnes CO2-e. Our 2020 target will reduce Hong Kong’s per capita contribution to less than 4.5 tonnes; and our 2030 target could reduce it further to about 3.3-3.8 tonnes. There would still be a way to go for Hong Kong to reach 2 tonnes per capita further into the future.

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How to prepare an ESG Report? - Hong Kong Stock Exchange

In Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta, key air pollutants are: nitrogen oxides (“NO X”), sulphur oxides (“SO X”) and respiratory suspended particles (“RSP”, also known as Particulate Matter (“PM”)). These pollutants tend to be generated by motor vehicles, marine vessels, power plants, and industrial and commercial processes

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Essentials of Sulfr hexafluoride monitoring | TD Guardian Articles

Because Sulfr hexafluoride has a global warming potential that is almost 24,000 times greater than CO2, it gets a lot of attention. And since the electric power industry is responsible for nearly 80% of the world’s usage, our industry has taken significant steps to reduce or eliminate the emissions from gas insulated switchgear.

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CDM: Point of Use Abatement Device to Reduce sf6 gas emissions in

Monitoring report: 01 Oct 2010 - 31 Dec 2010 (724 KB) Issuance request state: Issued CERs requested up to 31 December 2012: 214847 Serial Range: Block start: KR-5-74481336-1-1-0-3440 Block end: KR-5-74696182-1-1-0-3440

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Wind turbine - Wikipedia

Wind Power Density (WPD) is a quantitative measure of wind energy available at any location. It is the mean annual power available per square meter of swept area of a turbine, and is calculated for different heights above ground. Calculation of wind power density includes the effect of wind velocity and air density.

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2006 IPCC Guidelines for Estimating gaz sf6 Emissions from

6 Emissions Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems Annual Reporting Form Name: Company Name: Title: Report Year: Phone: Date Completed: CHANGE IN Sulfr hexafluoride INVENTORY (IN CYLINDERS) Inventory (in cylinders, not equipment) AMOUNT Comments 1. Beginning of Year 2. End of Year A. Change in Inventory (1 - 2) - PURCHASES/ACQUISITIONS OF Sulfr hexafluoride

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Sulphur Hexafluoride (sf 6) emissions: Electricity

sf6 gas is an extremely effective electrical insulator and so is used in high-voltage switchgear and other electrical equipment. It is also a potent greenhouse gas. Electricity transmission owners are incentivised to limit their emissions of gaz sf6. Ofgem target levels of emissions that we expect companies to beat. Methodology

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Air and climate - Air and GHG emissions - OECD Data

CO2 refers to gross direct emissions from fuel combustion only and data are provided by the International Energy Agency. Other air emissions include emissions of sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) given as quantities of SO2 and NO2, emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), and emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), excluding methane.

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EU-F-Gas-regulation and its impact on manufacturers and users

density: 43 g/l. 420 kV-disconnector, 3-pole - volume: approx. 870 l - working pressure: 4,8 bar abs.-SF. 6-amount: approx. 27 kg-SF. 6-density: 26,7 g/l

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Climate Ready @ HK - Resources

Guidelines to Account for and Report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals for Buildings in Hong Kong (2010 Edition)

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2016 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2016 amounted to 41.9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, representing a slight increase of about 0.5 per cent compared with 2015, which was lower than the population growth of about 0.6 per cent over the same period.

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Pollutant information - NAEI, UK

Pollutant Information: Sulphur hexafluoride About Sulphur hexafluoride. Category: Greenhouse gases. Sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) is a greenhouse gas and has a very high radiative forcing effect and a GWP of 22,800 compared with a figure of 1 for carbon dioxide.

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Global Monitoring Laboratory - Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases

Mar 05, 2021 · The table summarizes annual increases in atmospheric SF 6 based on globally averaged marine surface data.. PDF Version. The annual increase in atmospheric SF 6 in a given year is the increase in its abundance (mole fraction) from January 1 in that year to January 1 of the next year, after the seasonal cycle has been removed (as shown by the black lines in the figure above).

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Emissions Summary for Republic of Korea

GHG emissions by sector (without LUCF) 1990 2012 1990 (with LUCF) 2012 (with LUCF) 1990 (without LUCF) 2012 (without LUCF) GHG emissions by gas Change in GHG emissions/removals from 1990 to 2012, %

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TECHNICAL NOTE RELAT ED TO THE MARKET SURVEY OF THE gaz sf6 GAS

5. sf 6 is backfilled initially by natural flow from the storage vessels in all compartments using the pressure difference whenever possib (avoids the usage of compressorsle ), the GHS should be provided with appropriated heating elements to heat the expanding gas, 6. Use compressors to increase the pressure to 6 bar of all compartments.

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Home | United Kingdom | Siemens United Kingdom

Population growth, rapid urbanization and climate change put our urban infrastructure under pressure. Siemens’ technologies can help cities respond to these challenges with innovative solutions and our expertise in the areas of electrification, automation, and digitalization.

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