Global Emissions of insulating gas and the Costs of Reducing Them: EPA’s

Emissions = RAND sales to utilities + nameplate capacity of retiring equip. (40-year life) + 16% add-on for Russia and China (not in RAND)-U.S., Japanese, EU-25+3 emissions These emissions are allocated to countries according to their net electricity consumption.

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GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Emissions of sf 6 are virtually all of anthropogenic origin (Harnisch et al., 1996). Estimation of global historical emissions of sf 6 can be based on a survey of global annual sales per application conducted by an independent auditor, Science and Policy Services (S PS, 1997). In this survey, in which the six major manufacturers co-

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Guidelines to Acount for and Report on Greenhouse Gas

generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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2012 Hong Kong Emission Inventory Report

emissions for the formulation of air quality management strategy. It helps assess the effectiveness of emission control measures that are in implementation, identify areas where control actions should be stepped up, support air quality impact modeling and assessment, etc. 1.2 This report presents the 2012 Hong Kong emission inventory.

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Control in Hong Kong

2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Hong Kong Table 1 shows the historical trend of GHG emission and the emission per capita in Hong Kong from 1990 to 2005. In 2005, 44.8 million tonnes of GHG were emitted. The per capita emission, which was 6.5 tonnes, is about 6% lower than the 1990 baseline level. Among various GHG emissions, about

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Hong Kong Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Hong Kong greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2011 was 56,946.39, a 3.45% increase from 2010. Hong Kong greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2010 was 55,049.40, a 5.79% increase from 2009. Hong Kong greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2009 was 52,038.73, a 0.18% increase from 2008.

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Carbon Emissions - EDB

2. Refer to the emissions performance of CLP’s power stations in Hong Kong in Table 2, calculate the carbon emissions (kg) and air emissions (kg) per unit of electricity (kWh) sold which generated by coal and natural gas in the following table. Correct your answers to 3 significant figures and express the answers in scientific notation. Power

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Hong Kong CO2 emissions, 1970-2020 - knoema.com

In 2019, CO2 emissions for Hong Kong was 44 million tonnes. CO2 emissions of Hong Kong increased from 9.5 million tonnes in 1970 to 44 million tonnes in 2019 growing at an average annual rate of 3.45%. Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas

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Hong Kong Carbon (CO2) Emissions 1960-2021 | MacroTrends

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Hong Kong carbon (co2) emissions for 2016 was 43,644.63, a 2.34% increase from 2015.

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Hong Kong CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PeopleRepublic of China are equivalent to 6.50 tons per person (based on a population of 7,243,542 in 2016), an increase by 0.03 over the figure of 6.47 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of 0.4% in CO2 emissions per capita.

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Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.

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Greenhouse gas emission and its control in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Date: 21 May 2007 (1) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in Hong Kong Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong. In the year 2005, 99% of the GHG emissions in Hong Kong is due to CO2 (Table 1). There was a substantial

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generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2016 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2016 amounted to 41.9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, representing a slight increase of about 0.5 per cent compared with 2015, which was lower than the population growth of about 0.6 per cent over the same period.

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sf 6: The Little Gas That Could… Make Global Warming Worse

Mar 25, 2021 · Hong KongRichest. MalaysiaRichest The annual emissions rate rose from about 7.3 gigagrams or Gg estimated in 2008 to Other alternatives used or attempted include mixtures of sf6 gas with

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(PDF) Emission measurement of diesel vehicles in Hong Kong

of each emission standard in Hong Kong w as about 2-3 years later than that in the European Uni on. Table 2. Fleet sampling characteristics by v ehicle manufacture year and engine size.

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2015 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2015 amounted to 41.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e), representing a decrease of about 7.5 per cent compared with 2014. Our per capita GHG emission and carbon intensity were about 5.7 tonnes and 0.017 kg CO2-e per Hong Kong Dollar GDP, representing a drop of about 8.4 per cent and 9.7 per

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Hong Kong falls 78 per cent short of 2030 carbon emissions

Dec 04, 2018 · Hong Kong has fallen 78 per cent short of the 2030 carbon emissions target set by C40 Cities for high emitting cities, a study by NGO CarbonCare InnoLab has suggested. Hong Kong is set to reduce

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Hong Kong CO2 emissions from electricity production (%), 1960

In 2014, CO2 emissions from electricity production (%) for Hong Kong was 66.2 %. Though Hong Kong CO2 emissions from electricity production (%) fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1995 - 2014 period ending at 66.2 % in 2014. CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer

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REDUCTIONS OF Sulfr hexafluoride EMISSIONS FROM HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE

million tons of CO2-equivalent to EU-15 emissions, respectively. Although the electricity industry is a major user of Sulfr hexafluoride it is only a minor source of Sulfr hexafluoride emissions. Since 1995, voluntary actions by the European electricity industry have resulted in a reduction of 40 % of insulating gas emissions. Most of the potential for emission

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CARBON FOOTPRINT COUNTRY SPECIFIC ELECTRICITY GRID GREENHOUSE

Hong Kong (China) 0.8000 or 0.7400 Hong Kong Electric Company (2018) or CLP Group (2018) These two companies supply different areas of HK so check which one you need. 2018 Combined generation and TD factor India 0.7429 Climate Transparency (2018 Report) 2017 Emissions intensity of the power sector

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news.gov.hk - Greenhouse gas inventory released

Jul 31, 2019 · Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2017 amounted to 40.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e), a 2.4% drop compared with 2016. The per capita GHG emissions and carbon intensity were about 5.5 tonnes and 0.015 kg CO2-e per Hong Kong Dollar GDP respectively. Electricity generation was the major source of emissions, amounting to 26

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Chart: carbon dioxide emissions for Hong Kong

Historical greenhouse gas emissions for Hong Kong. Graph: Carbon dioxide emissions for Hong Kong Includes carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion, cement manufacture, and gas flaring, but excludes emissions from Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF).

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Fluoride Action Network | Sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas) emission

Because the relative growth rate of insulating gas emissions is estimated to be much higher than those of CO2, CH4, and N2O, gaz sf6 will play an increasing role in greenhouse gas emissions in China. Global contributions from China increased rapidly from 0.9 ± 0.3% in 1990 to 22.8 ± 6.3% in 2008, making China one of the crucial contributors to the recent

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GUIDE TO LOW CARBON OFFICES

Carbon Audit in Hong Kong. Hong Kong is a service economy with limited energy-intensive manufacturing. Nearly 70% of Hong Kong’s GHG emissions are attributed to electricity generation. Transport sector comes next (~16%) and waste constitutes ~5% of total emissions. Buildings, including commercial buildings, account for nearly 90% of electricity

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Hong Kong Sets Emissions Enforcement Date

Hong Kong Sets Emissions Enforcement Date By Wendy Laursen 03-12-2015 06:58:59 Hong Kong has announced that its emissions regulations for ocean going vessels will be ready to take effect from July

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sf 6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) | Data

insulating gas gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ): edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu

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Greenhouse gases emissions from the logistics sector: The

In this study, greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from the logistics sector were investigated using Hong Kong as an example. The data including cargo freight between Hong Kong and other places by

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GHG emissions from electricity consumption: A case study of

Nov 01, 2017 · As a result, Hong Kong’s electricity productivity increased from 4.62 to 6.75 USD/kWh while GHG emission from electricity consumption per GDP decreased from 0.153 to 0.104 MT CO 2-eq/USD billion. Hong Kong’s annual electricity consumption was predicted over the short-term period (2016–2020) and medium term (up to year 2030).

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