Regulation of Air Pollution: Switzerland

Air Pollution ControlGreenhouse Gas Emissions ReductionRenewable FuelsEven though the air quality in Switzerland has improved since the 1980s, pollution continues to be higher than the ambient limit values set out in the relevant legislation. Air pollution reduction measures are mainly codified in the Environmental Protection Act (EPA). The EPA contains general provisions that apply to all aspects of environmental protection and is supplemented by various detailed implementing ordinances. For the area of air pollution control and reduction these are in particular the Ordinance on Air Pollution Control (OAPC), the Chemical Risk Reduction Ordinance, the Ordinance on Incentive Taxation of Petrol and Diesel with a Sulfur Content of More Than 0.001% (PDSO), the Ordinance on the Incentive Tax on Extra-Light Heating Oil with a Sulfur Content of More Than 0.1% (ELHOO), and the Ordinance on the Incentive Tax on Volatile Organic Compounds (OVOC).The legislation is mainly focused on reducing air pollution from respirable particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen oxide...

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Sulfr hexafluoride Monitoring System - ENEIDA.IO

As well as being damaging to the environment, Sulfr hexafluoride is heavier than air and inside GIS rooms may cause asphyxia when leaks occur. Eneida’s Sulfr hexafluoride Monitoring System allows an automatic local and remote warning if any leakage happens as well as automatic activation of the Ventilation. Several sensor’s are located close to the GIS.

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Switzerland, country profile 2007. Greenhouse gas emission

SWITZERLAND Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2007 – Country profile 13 Table 7. Summary of projections by sector and by gas in 2010 (Mt CO 2–eq.) compared to base-year emissions Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide F-gases (Sulfr hexafluoride, HFCs and PFCs) Base year With measures With additional measures Base year With measures With

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Concept for Sulfr hexafluoride-free transmission and distribution of

Existing emissions in the high-voltage (52kV) sector exceed those in the medium-voltage sector many times over, although more SF 6 is installed in medium-voltage installations. Emissions during production are also high. The high reported emissions in the production of ‘other equipment’ (e.g. measuring transducers, bushings and capacitors) are

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iSGM On-line Intelligent insulating gas Gas Monitoring System

Customizable report generator to allow emissions reports to be created automatically for third party environmental agencies at touch of a button; A fully flexible, modular and scalable system to monitor anything from one gas insulated circuit breaker with three gas zones to largest GIS in world with thousands of gas zones; IEC 61850

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sf 6 gas measuring devices – Synergy Power Systems

Measuring instruments are used to monitor ambient air, trace leaks and to measure the insulating gas quality of electrical operating equipment. The Sulfr hexafluoride gas must always be pure since humidity and toxic or corrosive decomposition products in circuit breakers impair the insulating properties of the gas.

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REDUCTIONS OF Sulfr hexafluoride EMISSIONS FROM HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE

0.05 % of the total greenhouse gas emissions in 2002. Total greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-15 in 2002 amounted to 4852 million tons of CO2-equivalent (EEA 2004). According to the most recent survey, at the same time the manufacturing, use and decommissioning of sf 6 electrical equipment contributed 2.4

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(PDF) Evaluation of insulating gas Leakage from Gas Insulated Equipment

Jul 19, 2011 · The insulating gas emissions have been collated from the 14 different regions in England, Scotland, and Wales (Great Britain) from the six distribution network operators. monitoring of gas equipment on

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History of atmospheric SF from 1973 to 2008

1995. The 2008 values follow an increase in emissions of 48±20% since 2001. A second global inversion which also incorporated National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra-tion (NOAA) flask measurements and in situ monitoring site data agreed well with the emissions derived using AGAGE measurements alone. By estimating continent-scale emis-

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Sulfur Hexafluoride Sulfr hexafluoride Safety Data Sheet SDS P4657

Formula : Sulfr hexafluoride 1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Use of the substance/mixture : Industrial use. Use as directed. 1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet Praxair, Inc. 10 Riverview Drive Danbury, CT 06810-6268 - USA T 1-800-772-9247 (1-800-PRAXAIR) - F 1-716-879-2146 www.praxair.com 1.4.

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Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

The density of sulfur hexafluoride is relatively high at room temperature and pressure due to the gaslarge molar mass. Unlike helium, which has a molar mass of about 4 g/mol and pitches the voice up, SF 6 has a molar mass of about 146 g/mol, and the speed of sound through the gas is about 134 m/s at room temperature, pitching the voice down

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Switzerland | Climate Action Tracker

Switzerland’s currently implemented policies are projected to result in an emissions reductions of between 26-31% below 1990 levels in 2030, meaning Switzerland would possibly fail to achieve the domestic component of its NDC pledge which currently stands at 30%.

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Sustainable Reduction of sf 6 Emission

Inventory Emission rate SF 6-inventory and emission rate of electric power equipment Ur ≥ 52kV in operation from 2003 –2015 in Switzerland (Data SwissMEM SF 6-balance 2015) 0.12% • The finally achieved emission rate for Switzerland of 0.12% seems to be very close to the possible optimum

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Myth About gaz sf6 Gas In Electrical Equipment

Apr 12, 2021 · (*) ECOFYS, Sina Wartmann, Dr. Jochen Harnisch, June 2005, “Reductions of gaz sf6 Emissions from High and Medium Voltage Equipment in Europe” 5. How wide is the use of gaz sf6 in transmission and distribution switchgear applications ? sf6 gas insulated switchgear is currently used world-wide.

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Swiss Emissions Trading Scheme (Summary)

What Is Swiss Ets?Who Must Participate?Obligations Under The Swiss Ets?The Swiss ETS is a cap-and-trade system designed largely in accordance with the same principles and rules governing its bigger brother the EU Emissions Trading System. It regulates a total of 56 CO2-intensive companies from the cement, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, refineries, steel, paper, district heating and other sectors. The newest addition are carbon emissions from flights that fall within the scope of Swiss ETS. The illustration below tells you which flights these are. * The EEA comprises all 28 EU Member States, as well as Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. List of EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

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Sulfr hexafluoride Free HV GIS and Breakers

Why gaz sf6 Free GIS and Breakers? Reporting Obligations USEPA • Report annually by March 31 • Resubmit report within 45 days (plus an additional 30 days if requested) of substantive errors being discovered [40 CFR Part 98.3(h)] • Report calculated annual gaz sf6 emissions (lbs) –to include both hermitically and non-

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sf6 gas emissions from university and research particle

World banked capacity is roughly estimated to be 500 tonnes with annual insulating gas emissions of 35 tonnes. Switzerland has developed a voluntary program to reduce Sulfr hexafluoride emissions from particle accelerators. Suggestions and techniques for reducing Sulfr hexafluoride emissions from these sources exist. Figure 8.3 Decision tree for Sulfr hexafluoride from research accelerators

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Integrated Management for the Handling and Disposal of Sulfr hexafluoride Gases

Avoid sf 6 gas emissions to the environment in the process of installing and removing the portable manometer performed monthly in 21 compartments of the substation Monitoring and early detection of insulating gas gas leaks for corrective maintenance. We are currently aware of the leak when the low pressure alarm is emitted by the pressure gauge.

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Sulfr hexafluoride Gas Analysis - Cambridge Sensotec

Rapidox Sulfr hexafluorideFixed Detection System A wide area monitoring solution to ensure safety for personnel working in, or who have access to, rooms that contain high voltage switchgear, circuit breakers and transformers where Sulfr hexafluoride is at high pressure, the gaz sf6 Fixed Detection System is used to monitor for insulating gasleaks into this environment.

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World leaders in Sulfr hexafluoride Analysis and Handling Products

EMT supply a range of Sulfr hexafluoride and oil testing instrumentation, consumables and related services for Condition Monitoring in TD. These instruments maintain and support personnel, whose role is to protect, preserve and enhance the life of people, plant and equipment assets within their responsibility. Scientific Approach = World Leading Technology

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Electricity Transmission and Distribution Greenhouse Gas

Sulfur hexafluoride is a commonly used insulator in electricity transmission and distribution equipment. Because of its high global warming potential (GWP), CARB adopted the Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear in 2010.

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Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

) emissions has evolved, so have practices . for handling and managing those emissions. The industry in the United States is much more efficient in managing SF. 6. emissions today than it was in the 1990s. 1. This report provides an overview of SF. 6. emissions . sources and reduction opportunities throughout the gas’s lifecycle in the power

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Zerowaste® Sulfr hexafluoride Analyser Portable Infra Red Sulfr hexafluoride Condition

For Condition Monitoring Quality insulating gas analysis serves three main purposes: 1.To ensure that the sf6 gas condition for the intended service at the time of commissioning, or at any other moment of manipulation with the sf6 gas are within specification, set by global governing bodies, CIGRE, IEC and ASTM. 2. To diagnose sf 6 related deteriorated conditions of any equipment during it’s

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Switzerland CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in Switzerland are equivalent to 4.73 tons per person (based on a population of 8,379,917 in 2016), a dicrease by -0.16 over the figure of 4.89 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of-3.3% in CO2 emissions per capita.

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Switzerland targets 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

Switzerland, which is responsible for 0.1% of global greenhouse gas emissions and, based on the structure of its economy, has a low level of emissions (6.4 tonnes per capita per year), should be able to avail of emissions reduction measures abroad to reduce the cost of emissions reduction measures during the period 2020-2030 (see Box 1).

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CDM: Point of Use Abatement Device to Reduce Sulfr hexafluoride emissions in

Monitoring report: 01 Oct 2010 - 31 Dec 2010 (724 KB) Issuance request state: Issued CERs requested up to 31 December 2012: 214847 Serial Range: Block start: KR-5-74481336-1-1-0-3440 Block end: KR-5-74696182-1-1-0-3440

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Main sources of fluorinated gas emissions | WhatYour Impact

Fluorinated gas emissions: Sulfr hexafluoride. Sulfr hexafluoride is another significant source of fluorinated gas emissions. This gas is mainly used by the electric power industry as an insulator and arc interrupter. The other important source of sf 6 emissions is from its use as a cover gas in magnesium production. Total sf6 gas emissions equal 7160 tonnes annually.1

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How to Minimize Emissions of Environment-Damaging sf6 gas - WIKA blog

Oct 25, 2016 · Sulfur hexafluoride (gaz sf6) has been used for decades as an insulator in power plants and electrical transmission and distribution. This gas has excellent dielectric properties, almost three times better than air and nitrogen, and it works well as arc quencher in circuit breakers and electrical switchgear.

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Breadcrumb - Welcome to National Grid Group | National Grid Group

The metrics on this page help us monitor and evaluate our performance across a range of different environmental matters. We independently assure our greenhouse gas emissions against the international standard ISO 14064-3 greenhouse gas assurance protocol. Read the verification of our 2019/20 Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas insulating gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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