sf 6 REDUCTION OPPORTUNITY IN AFRICA

• Purpose is to reduce Sulfr hexafluoride emissions in the High-Voltage Transmission/ Distribution Systems in Nigeria • Emission reduction is about 129,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent per annum between 2006 and 2012 • Representing about 60% of current total emission in Nigeria • The first of its kind in Nigeria

Get Price

Nigeria Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and sf6 gas).

Get Price

Nigeria - Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and Sulfr hexafluoride

Nigeria - Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and Sulfr hexafluoride 92,587.3 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) in 2012 Though Nigeria other greenhouse gas emissions fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1993 - 2012 period ending at 92,587.3 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2012.

Get Price

Overview of gaz sf6 Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · The SF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems is an innovative voluntary program developed jointly by the EPA and the electric power industry to improve equipment reliability while reducing emissions of SF 6, a potent greenhouse gas that remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years.

Get Price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas insulating gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

Get Price

Environmental Accounting for Sustainable Development in Nigeria

GHG emissions include CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCS, PFCS and gaz sf6 emissions from fuel combustion, process reactions and treatment processes.Energy Use: Energy consumption is a global issue and relevant to all businesses across sectors (Muller and Sturn, 2001) as cited in Beredugo and Mefor (2012).

Get Price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Global Emission Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Processes: sf 6 287 Figure 2 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Pg CO2-eq. HFCs+PFCs+Sulfr hexafluoride - total N2O - non-Annex I countries CH4 - non-Annex I

Get Price

Environmental law and practice in Nigeria: overview

Nigeria is party to the UNFCCC and ratified the Kyoto Protocol in December 2004, but it has made no specific commitment other than to co-operate with the process by assisting with the monitoring and measuring of greenhouse emissions. Nigeria has prepared and submitted her National Adaptation Plan of Action to the UNFCCC in 2011.

Get Price

sf 6 Emissions | Sulfr hexafluoride Recovery | insulating gas Maintance | Electricity

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement between nations that came into force in 2005. It commits its parties by mandating country-by-country reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Due to the chemical stability of SF 6 gas it has the potential to remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years.

Get Price

PRE-SHIPMENT INSPECTION OF EXPORTS ACT - NigeriaLeading

An Act to make provision for the inspection of goods in Nigeria prior to their ship-ment to a place outside Nigeria. [1996 No. 10.] [19th April, 1966] [Commencement.] PART I. Pre-shipment inspection of exports, etc. Pre-shipment inspection of goods (1) As from the commencement of this Act, no goods to which this Act applies shall

Get Price

Nigeria Emissions Reduction Policy - Climate Scorecard

Nov 20, 2016 · Nigeria: Nigeria Climate Change Policy Response Strategy Nigeria is yet to have any climate change specific law enacted by the National Assembly (the legislative arm of government) and assented to by the President (London School of Economics and Political Science, 2013). The country has however adopted several environmental and sectoral policies, strategies, and plans where...

Get Price

Nigeria Emission Reduction Challenges - Climate Scorecard

Leading Emission Reduction Challenges: (a) Dependence on fossil fuels as energy sources; (b) Absence of climate change policies and programs; (c) Changing peoples’ behavior Current Greenhouse Gas Emission Levels The World Resources Institute estimates that Nigeria’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 (its latest record for the country) exceeded 296 MtCO2e (excluding land use). The...

Get Price

Fact sheet: Industrial greenhouse gases: HFCs, PFCs and insulating gas

Denmark has its own national objective of reducing the gas emissions by 21 per cent in the same period. Other legislation. Industrial greenhouse gases are also covered by the Danish Act concerning taxes on certain ozone layer depleting substances and industrial greenhouse gases, administered by SKAT (the Danish tax authorities).

Get Price

Sustainable Road Transportation Practices in Nigeria.

Projects that will help curb the alarming growth of Greenhouse gas emission level in the country. He further disclosed that “The United Kingdom has pledged to support the development of low emission urban transport system in Nigeria with £150 million and that the pledge was part of a UK vote of 2.9billion pounds to aid adaptation projects in the

Get Price

Environment Law In Nigeria - Energy and Natural Resources

Nov 20, 2007 · A typical defence is that the act (e.g. discharge of hazardous substance into the air, or upon the land and the waters of Nigeria or at the shorelines) was done within the permissible limit or was authorised under any law in force in Nigeria.

Get Price

(PDF) Global Climate Change Policies and Politics: Nigeria’s

A Journal Publication of the Department of Political Science, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, K atsina- Nigeria Volume 1 Number 1 December 2018 116

Get Price

4th International Conference on gaz sf6 and the Environment

Sulfr hexafluoride Reduction Opportunities in Africa, Bayo Adeniyi, Power Holding Company of Nigeria Verifying insulating gas Reductions Market Mechanisms , Seth Baruch, QualityTons Obtaining Low insulating gas Emissions in Germany , Peter Glaubitz and Friedrich Plöger, Siemens

Get Price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Nigeria - Climatelinks

Change in GHG Emissions in Nigeria (1990-2014) According to WRI CAIT data, Nigeria’s GHG emissions increased by 25% (98.22 MtCO 2 e) from 1990 to 2014. The average annual change in total emissions was 1% (see the line graph below). The change in emissions from Nigeria’s two most significant GHG sources is discussed below.

Get Price

Regulation of Air Pollution: South Africa

I. IntroductionII. National Environmental Management: Air Quality ActIII. Fuel Emission StandardsIV. Carbon Tax BillSouth Africa’s GHG emissions are among the highest in the world and its absolute carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rank among the top twenty countries, “with emissions per capita in the region of 10 metric tons per annum.”The 2011 National Climate Change White Paper described this challenge as follows: South Africa has national and international legal obligation to reduce its emissions. The Bill of Rights section of the South African Constitution includes an environment clause, which states that South Africa is party to a number of multinational environmental agreements. These include the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which South Africa ratified in 1997; the Kyoto Protocol, which South Africa ratified in 2002; and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, ratified by South Africa in 2016.In the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, South Africa committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 34% below its current levels (see below) by 2020 and 42% below c...

Get Price

Annual Site Environmental Report

of Reclamation (Reclamation), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and the U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission. In Fiscal Year 2019 (FY19), WAPA sold 36.9 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity and generated

Get Price

Technical Support Document for Process Emissions of Sulfur

Reporting insulating gas emissions from each piece of equipment would not only involve a significant labor burden, but could also overlook emissions that occur during Sulfr hexafluoride handling. Reporting emissions by 1 The estimated total number of electric power system (EPS) utilities includes all companies participating in the sf6 gas Emission Reduction Partnership for

Get Price

Vehicular Emissions and Air Quality Standards in Nigeria

Calabar, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] Tel: +2348054383418 G. O. Unachukwu National Centre for Energy Research and Development University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] Tel: +2348050525033 Abstract This paper reports the results of the investigation of vehicular emissions in selected areas in Calabar Nigeria.

Get Price

Wastewater Treatment Impacts from AB 32 and Climate Change

Solutions Act (AB 32) 1990 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) levels by 2020 80% GHG levels by 2050 California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) 10+ options to disclose GHG for construction projects Local Air Board Several rules for CH4, CO, NOX, SOX, CO2 2006 California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32) 1990 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) levels by 2020

Get Price

OPPORTUNITIES IN THE NIGERIAN AVIATION SECTOR - AIRLINE

Nigeria’s new national carrier huge PPP opportunity The Emirates Group in Dubai started about 40 years ago with 2 old B737 leased from Pakistani International Airlines In 2016/17 they accrued revenues of 25.8 Billion USD with 150,000 employees In comparison, Nigeria in 2016/17 sold on average 1.4

Get Price

Refrigerant Reclaim | Hudson Technologies

Hudson Technologies has been the leader in refrigerant reclamation for nearly three decades. While this can be measured by the millions of pounds we have reclaimed to AHRI 700 standards, we are most proud of partnering with our customers to reduce the overall environmental impact refrigerants have on our world.

Get Price

Climate Change: Vulnerability of the Niger Delta Region, in

dramatically reduce GHG emissions to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 [12]. In Nigeria, the total GHGs emissions was 518.84 million metric tons between 1990 and 2009. This was equivalent to 0.26% of global GHGs. Between 2000 and 2009, the yearly average increase of CO 2 (the most significant GHG) emission was 4.7% which was 2.8% higher than

Get Price

Hudson’s Reclamation Solution Playing a Key Role in The

Jun 13, 2016 · Left unrestricted, HFC emissions could rise to as much as 19% of carbon dioxide emissions by 2050. A phase-down of virgin HFC production, supported by the use of reclaimed refrigerants, will avoid releasing the equivalent of 100 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and will prevent more than 0.5°C of warming by 2050, according to

Get Price

Soil and Groundwater Companies and Suppliers in Nigeria

KYJE Geodrill Services Limited is a firm incorporated in Nigeria as a limited liability company under the Companies Act 1968 but has existed for 8 years as an enterprise. It is a limited liability company with 100% share holding by Nigerians.

Get Price

Wastewater Treatment Impacts from AB 32 and Climate Change

Solutions Act (AB 32) 1990 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) levels by 2020 80% GHG levels by 2050 California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) 10+ options to disclose GHG for construction projects Local Air Board Several rules for CH4, CO, NOX, SOX, CO2 2006 California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32) 1990 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) levels by 2020 80% GHG

Get Price

Air Emissions Performance | Con Edison 2011 Online

Emissions of nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide are regulated under the U.S. Clean Air Act, and are covered in the Environmental Performance portion of this report. Sulfur hexafluoride (insulating gas) is a greenhouse gas used in some pieces of the electric distribution system that can be released into the atmosphere through fugitive emissions.

Get Price