Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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2012 Hong Kong Emission Inventory Report

emissions for the formulation of air quality management strategy. It helps assess the effectiveness of emission control measures that are in implementation, identify areas where control actions should be stepped up, support air quality impact modeling and assessment, etc. 1.2 This report presents the 2012 Hong Kong emission inventory.

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Environment Bureau Front Page | Environment Bureau

Environment Bureau Front Page | Environment Bureau

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2006 IPCC Guidelines for Estimating gaz sf6 Emissions from

gas (GHG) emissions. • IPCC Guidelines are used to estimate emissions • The national significance of the source determines the choice of estimation accuracy and precision (Tiers). • Earlier this year, the IPCC finished its two-year effort to update the Guidelines on estimating GHG emissions from all sources.

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Hong Kong Air Pollutant Emission Inventory - Sulphur Dioxide

Navigation and public electricity generation sectors were the top two sources of SO 2 emissions, accounting for 49% and 47% of total SO 2 emissions in 2018, respectively. During the same period, SO 2 concentration levels measured at the EPD’s general air quality monitoring stations by and large followed the SO 2 emission trend.

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Greenhouse gas emission and its control in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Date: 21 May 2007 (1) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in Hong Kong Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong. In the year 2005, 99% of the GHG emissions in Hong Kong is due to CO2 (Table 1). There was a substantial

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Hong Kong Air Pollutant Emission Inventory - Carbon Monoxide

Between 2001 and 2018, CO emissions decreased by 24% which were mainly caused by the decline in emissions from the road transport sector. Road transport and navigation sectors were two major sources of CO emissions, accounting for 50% and 27% of the total CO emissions in 2018, respectively.

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2017 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2017 amounted to 40.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e), representing a decrease of about 2.4 per cent compared with 2016. The per capita GHG emissions and carbon intensity were about 5.5 tonnes and 0.015 kg CO2-e per Hong Kong Dollar GDP respectively.

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2015 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2015 amounted to 41.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e), representing a decrease of about 7.5 per cent compared with 2014. Our per capita GHG emission and carbon intensity were about 5.7 tonnes and 0.017 kg CO2-e per Hong Kong Dollar GDP, representing a drop of about 8.4 per cent and 9.7 per

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Tracking Down the Greenhouse Gas sf6 gas with Infrared Thermography

sf 6 Gas Detection Development of gaz sf6 Leak Detection • Early systems for detecting sf 6 gas emissions relied on a combination of infrared imaging and active CO2 laser illumination. • Called Backscatter Absorption Gas Imaging (BAGI) – A CO2 laser is scanned over the target area

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Overview of insulating gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

) emissions has evolved, so have practices . for handling and managing those emissions. The industry in the United States is much more efficient in managing SF. 6. emissions today than it was in the 1990s. 1. This report provides an overview of SF. 6. emissions . sources and reduction opportunities throughout the gas’s lifecycle in the power

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Air quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy

Jul 01, 2019 · Background. On July 1st, 2015, Hong Kong became the first city in Asia to implement a policy regulating sulfur dioxide (SO 2) in shipping emissions.We conducted an accountability study assessing the improvement in ambient air quality and estimating the effect on health outcomes of the policy.

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GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Global Emission Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Processes: gaz sf6 287 Figure 2 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Pg CO2-eq. HFCs+PFCs+Sulfr hexafluoride - total N2O - non-Annex I countries CH4 - non-Annex I

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Data Statistics | Environmental Protection Department

The emission inventory for Hong Kong was first published on EPDwebsite in March 2000. The emission inventory comprises estimates of emissions from seven source categories for six major air pollutants, namely: sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NOx), respirable suspended particulates (RSP or PM 10 ), fine suspended particulates (FSP or

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Air | Environmental Protection Department

To control emissions from local vessels, Hong Kong has capped the sulphur content of locally supplied marine light diesel at 0.05% since April 2014. The Government has led by example by powering its fleet with Euro V diesel (sulphur content not exceeding 0.001%).

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Hong Kong CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PeopleRepublic of China are equivalent to 6.50 tons per person (based on a population of 7,243,542 in 2016), an increase by 0.03 over the figure of 6.47 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of 0.4% in CO2 emissions per capita.

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Overview of insulating gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of gaz sf6 Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.

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sf 6 Emissions | sf6 gas Recovery | sf 6 Maintance | Electricity

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement between nations that came into force in 2005. It commits its parties by mandating country-by-country reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Due to the chemical stability of SF 6 gas it has the potential to remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years.

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Hong Kong: Air emission standards - Skuld

Mar 25, 2015 · Most recently a new emissions standard has been enacted for Hong Kong. A vessel at berth (Source: Skuld) The development. On 11 March 2015, the Environmental Department of Hong Kong Government released details of proposed new LSFO (Low Sulphur Fuel Oil) regulation in Hong Kong waters for ocean-going vessels.

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gaz sf6 Emission Reporting Requirements under the Proposed GHG

Apr 01, 2016 · Sulfr hexafluoride Emission Reporting Requirements under the Proposed GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule The document below was a presentation conducted at the 2010 Best Practices for SF 6 Inventories and Emission Reductions Partner Meeting.

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GIS Owners in California Must Comply With sf 6 Regulation

Jan 11, 2019 · The gaz sf6 Regulation applies to all owners of sf6 gas-insulated switchgear — even if an owner only has one piece of equipment and no GHG emissions. As such, switchgear owners can easily miss the Sulfr hexafluoride Regulation. gaz sf6 Regulation Requirements. The sf 6 Regulation contains a number of requirements, which have applied since January 1, 2011.

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Potent GHG sf 6 rapidly accumulating in atmosphere, driven by

Jul 06, 2020 · 06 July 2020. In an open-access study in the EGU journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, an international team of researchers reports that the greenhouse gas sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) is rapidly accumulating in the atmosphere, driven by the demand for SF 6 -insulated switchgear in developing countries. Of all the greenhouse gases regulated under the Kyoto Protocol, sf 6 is the most potent, with a global warming potential (GWP) of 23,500 over a 100-year time horizon.

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Climate Ready @ HK - Resources

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Hong Kong . Guidelines to Account for and Report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals for Buildings in Hong Kong (2010 Edition)

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Air Quality in Hong Kong 2018 - AQHI

usually produced in combustion processes.Emissions from power stations , marine vessels and motor vehicles are the major sources of NOx in Hong Kong. NOx emissions from motor vehicles have greater impact on roadside air quality. NO2 is mainly formed from the oxidation of NO emitted from fuel combustion.

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2016 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2016 amounted to 41.9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, representing a slight increase of about 0.5 per cent compared with 2015, which was lower than the population growth of about 0.6 per cent over the same period.

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GIS Owners in California Must Comply With insulating gas Regulation

Jan 11, 2019 · The gaz sf6 Regulation applies to all owners of gaz sf6-insulated switchgear — even if an owner only has one piece of equipment and no GHG emissions. As such, switchgear owners can easily miss the Sulfr hexafluoride Regulation. Sulfr hexafluoride Regulation Requirements. The gaz sf6 Regulation contains a number of requirements, which have applied since January 1, 2011.

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Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) | Data

insulating gas gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) from The World Bank: Data. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus).

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Hong Kong Wants Ship Emission Standards Now

In 2013, Chinese ports handle about 178 million TEUs (30%) of the world’s 600 million TEUs -- Hong Kong (22.3 million TEUs) is the third largest port in China behind Shanghai (33.6 million TEUs

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Hong Kong and Dubai: Air emission standards - Skuld

Sep 09, 2014 · Source: Hong Kong Marine Department Notice No. 92 of 2014. A vessel found to be in contravention is liable to a fine of HK 25,000 on first conviction and a fine of HK 50,000 for any subsequent conviction. In the case of local vessels, the fines are set at HK 10,000 on first conviction and HK 25,000 for any subsequent conviction.

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Fluoride Action Network | Sulfur hexafluoride (insulating gas) emission

Abstract: Sulfur hexa fluoride (insulating gas) is the most potent greenhouse gas regulated under the Kyoto Protocol, with a high global warming potential. In this study, Sulfr hexafluoride emissions from China were inventoried for 1990–2010 and projected to 2020. Results reveal that the highest Sulfr hexafluoride emission contribution originates from the electrical equipment sector (about 70%), followed by the magnesium production sector, the semiconductor manufacture sector and the Sulfr hexafluoride production sector (each about 10%).

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