Indonesia Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and sf 6).

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride: The Little Gas That Could… Make Global Warming Worse

Mar 25, 2021 · The issues of growing insulating gas emissions and their underreporting are particularly problematic as countries at all levels of developments push for electrification of their economies.

Get Price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas insulating gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

Get Price

Indonesia’s Energy Policy Briefing

the energy field, providing context and the implications for the months to come. Highlights • Current estimates predict that the COVID-19 crisis will significantly impact Indonesia’s economic performance and the energy sector in the country. • Transport fuel subsidies in Indonesia have followed an increasing trend since the

Get Price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Global Emission Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Processes: sf6 gas 287 Figure 2 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Pg CO2-eq. HFCs+PFCs+insulating gas - total N2O - non-Annex I countries CH4 - non-Annex I

Get Price

ASSESSMENT OF SUBNATIONAL AND NON-STATE CLIMATE ACTION INDONESIA

Sep 19, 2019 · Indonesia’s emissions in other sectors are also worrying; the increase is mostly driven by the rising energy-related emissions. Indonesia has made progress in phasing out fossil fuel subsidies, although they remain high, but the country’s investment attractiveness for renewable energy and overall renewable energy capacity are still low (Climate

Get Price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Indonesia

Energy: WRI CAIT data show that Indonesia’s energy sector emissions increased by 289 MtCO 2 e between 1990 and 2013, with electricity and heat production driving this increase (42%). According to the International Energy Agency, electricity generation increased more than six fold between 1990 and 2013.11 The BUR notes that the increase in

Get Price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density of

Get Price

Reporting hydrofluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride gases

• rental, hiring and real estate services (ANZSIC classification, Division L). Thresholds and other requirements for reporting hydrofluorocarbon data Emissions from activities that emit hydrofluorocarbons from the use of equipment as specified in NGER

Get Price

Summary Guidance for Operators of Equipment Containing SF and

For most of the above uses, general containment obligations such as the need to avoid emissions and recovery of gases at end of life required. However, the obligations for electrical switchgear are are greater and require more attention on the part of the operator as set out below. How to Identify SF 6 or PFC Containing Equipment . The term SF. 6

Get Price

BROWN TO GREEN : T G20 TT TO OW˜CARBON ONOMY | 2017

In 2012, effective carbon rates in Indonesia consisted entirely of specific taxes on energy use, and only applied to fuels used in road transport. Indonesia had neither an explicit carbon tax nor an emissions trading system, leading to 17% of carbon emissions of energy use being priced, and none above € 30/tCO 2 (~US$ 37).17 0 US$/tCO 2

Get Price

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

REmap analysis i Indonesia is the largest country in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in terms of energy consumption. Across the country’s more than

Get Price

Energy in Indonesia - Wikipedia

In 2009 Indonesia was the 5th top coal producer: 263 million tonnes hard coal and 38 million tonnes brown. The majority of this, 230 Mt of hard coal, was exported. Indonesia has significant energy resources, starting with oil – it has 22 billion barrels of conventional oil and gas reserves, of which about 4 billion are recoverable.

Get Price

Air and climate - Air and GHG emissions - OECD Data

CO2 refers to gross direct emissions from fuel combustion only and data are provided by the International Energy Agency. Other air emissions include emissions of sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) given as quantities of SO2 and NO2, emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), and emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), excluding methane.

Get Price

International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government

Get Price

DILO Direct | Providing Quality, Emission-Free sf6 gas Gas

DILO Direct is your partner for on and off-site Sulfr hexafluoride gas handling services. Direct also specializes in sf6 gas disposal, reconditioning, and supply. Quality work by trained professionals.

Get Price

Why SF₆ emissions from the renewable energy sector should not

Increasing Sulfr hexafluorideGlobal Warming PotentialDecarbonisation FirstMeasurements show that SF₆ has been increasing in the atmosphere. While SF₆ emissions across Europe have more than halved since the mid-1990s, global emissions are increasing, mostly owing to increases in SF₆ emissions from the electrical industry, which are predicted to continue. Even so, it’s important to put the role of SF₆ as a greenhouse gas into context with other greenhouse gases. The most important sentence in the BBC’s article is this: Unfortunately, this critical point isn’t developed. The global concentration of atmospheric CO₂ today is about 410 parts per million, whereas the global concentration of SF₆ is only about 10 parts per trillion. In other words, there is 41 million times more CO₂ in the atmosphere than SF₆. But since SF₆ is 23,500 times stronger at trapping heat than CO₂, doesn’t this still mean it’s a bigger problem than CO₂ for the climate? CO₂ is actually a very weak greenhouse gas and is much less efficient at trapping heat compared to other greenhouse gase...

Get Price

Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Emissions Sources and . Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems Introduction. Understanding potential emissions sources is the first step to effectively managing them. In electric power . systems, as the industry’s understanding of sulfur hexafluoride (SF. 6) emissions has evolved, so have practices . for handling and managing those

Get Price

Independent Accountants Review Report

travel (commercial air business travel, rental car usage, personal car use for business purpose), and purchased electricity (Scope 3). We have not traded, sold, purchased, transferred, or banked any carbon allowances. Estimation Uncertainties Environmental and energy use data included in the Statement of GHG Emissions are subject to

Get Price

Medium Voltage Products | ABB

ABB is writing the future of sustainable energy distribution by extending its sf6 gas-free medium-voltage (MV) switchgear portfolio. Having developed a new load break switch, ABB is partnering with multinational energy company Enel to bring technology to the market that is considerably better for the environment.

Get Price

Energizing Renewables in Indonesia: Optimizing Public Finance

Transforming Indonesia’s energy sector is becoming increasingly important to achieve the country’s climate goals. According to the country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, Indonesia seeks to reduce 834 MT CO 2 emissions by 2030, 38% of which will come from reduced energy emissions.

Get Price

Incentives for Renewable Energy in Southeast Asia: Case Study

Investment Incentives for Renewable Energy: Case study of Indonesia 3 3.0 Overview of Indonesia’s Energy Sector Indonesia’s energy sector plays two important roles in the economy. First, it produces and refines hydrocarbon fuels, contributing significantly to economic growth, exports and government revenue. Second, it provides necessary inputs

Get Price

Indonesia Starts Fund for Carbon Trading to Meet Emission

Oct 09, 2019 · Indonesia is committed to lower carbon emissions by 29% on its own and 41% with international support by 2030 as a signatory to the Paris agreement, a global pact to throttle carbon dioxide

Get Price

OECD iLibrary | CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 2018

This annual report presents data on the evolution of the emissions of CO2 from 1971 onwards for than 140 countries and regions by sector and by fuel. Emissions were calculated using IEA energy databases and the default methods and emission factors from the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

Get Price

Cyclone Seroja kills 160 people, exposes Indonesiaclimate

Apr 09, 2021 · Since the start of the pandemic, the government has spent around $6.78 billion on supporting fossil fuels and just $240 million on clean energy, according to the Energy Policy Tracker. Indonesia is not expected to increase its 2030 emissions cuts ahead of the Cop26 climate talks in Glasgow, UK, in November, Isfandiari said.

Get Price

TITLE DOCUMENT NUMBER insulating gas EMISSIONS REPORTING - SUBSTATIONS 521

Feb 09, 2010 · sf 6 EMISSIONS REPORTING - SUBSTATIONS 521.166 4.1.3. Substation Construction Maintenance Engineer 4.2. Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Inventory Reporting Protocol: This protocol is based on the EPA mass-balance approach. This method works by tracking and systematically accounting for all substation uses of sf 6 during the reporting year. The quantity of

Get Price

gaz sf6 Transmitter - Draeger

sf6 gas Transmitter Product Information, en-master. The gaz sf6 transmitter is ideally suited for the gas measurement of sulfur hexafluoride in the field of high voltage engineering. The transmitter can be used both as a gas leak detector and to monitor the gas quality in gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) or transformers. Download

Get Price

OECD iLibrary | IEA CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Statistics

This dataset comprises a detailed set of statistics on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions estimates from fossil fuel combustion. It includes an extensive set of products emitting CO2 from combustion analyzed in terms of their respective industry flows (iron and steel, manufacturing industries, agriculture, machinery, etc).

Get Price

UK Progress on Reducing F-gas Emissions

extinguishers.1 Sulphur-hexaflouride (SF 6), which represent 3% of F-gas emissions, is used mainly as an insulating gas for high voltage switch gear and in magnesium casting and military applications. Perflourocarbons (PFCs), which account for 2% of F-gas emissions are typically used in the electronics sector (e.g. cleaning silicon wafers).2 2.

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride Emission Reporting Requirements under the Proposed GHG

Apr 01, 2016 · gaz sf6 Emission Reporting Requirements under the Proposed GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule The document below was a presentation conducted at the 2010 Best Practices for SF 6 Inventories and Emission Reductions Partner Meeting.

Get Price