Sulfr hexafluoride: The Little Gas That Could… Make Global Warming Worse

Mar 25, 2021 · The annual emissions rate rose from about 7.3 gigagrams or Gg estimated in 2008 to about 9.04 Gg in 2018, an increase of 24% over the course of the decade. For reference, 9 Gg of SF 6 equates to...

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Hong Kong Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and sf6 gas). Hong Kong greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2012 was 58,633.52, a 2.96% increase from 2011.

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Data Statistics | Environmental Protection Department

The emission inventory for Hong Kong was first published on EPDwebsite in March 2000. The emission inventory comprises estimates of emissions from seven source categories for six major air pollutants, namely: sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NOx), respirable suspended particulates (RSP or PM 10 ), fine suspended particulates (FSP or PM 2.5 ), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and carbon monoxide (CO).

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas gaz sf6 are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

The paper concludes with a review of available emission factors for Sulfr hexafluoride and their uncertainty (order-of-magnitude, based on expert judgement). 2 MAGNITUDE OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SOURCES Greenhouse gas emissions from industrial processes are presently about 3% of global total CO2-eq. emissions ( Figure 1).

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Overview of sf 6 Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Control in Hong Kong

2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Hong Kong Table 1 shows the historical trend of GHG emission and the emission per capita in Hong Kong from 1990 to 2005. In 2005, 44.8 million tonnes of GHG were emitted. The per capita emission, which was 6.5 tonnes, is about 6% lower than the 1990 baseline level. Among various GHG emissions, about

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Greenhouse gas emission and its control in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Date: 21 May 2007 (1) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in Hong Kong Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong. In the year 2005, 99% of the GHG emissions in Hong Kong is due to CO2 (Table 1). There was a substantial

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(PDF) Emission measurement of diesel vehicles in Hong Kong

of each emission standard in Hong Kong w as about 2-3 years later than that in the European Uni on. Table 2. Fleet sampling characteristics by v ehicle manufacture year and engine size.

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Hong Kong SAR | HK: CO2 Emissions | Economic Indicators

Hong Kong SAR’s HK: CO2 Emissions data was reported at 46,222.535 kt in Dec 2014. This records an increase from the previous number of 45,005.091 kt for Dec 2013. Hong Kong SAR’s HK: CO2 Emissions data is updated yearly, averaging 27,333.818 kt from Dec 1960 to 2014, with 55 observations.

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sf6 gas Emission Reporting Requirements under the Proposed GHG

Apr 01, 2016 · The document below was a presentation conducted at the 2010 Best Practices for SF 6 Inventories and Emission Reductions Partner Meeting. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more. sf6 gas Emission Reporting Requirements under the Proposed GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule (PDF) (24 pp, 149 K)

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Hong Kong CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

Fossil CO2 emissions in China, Hong Kong SAR were 47,066,386 tons in 2016. CO2 emissions increased by 1.23% over the previous year, representing an increase by 572,124 tons over 2015, when CO2 emissions were 46,494,262 tons. CO2 emissions per capita in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PeopleRepublic of China are equivalent to 6.50 tons per person (based on a population of 7,243,542 in 2016 ), an increase by 0.03 over the figure of 6.47 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015;

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High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy of insulating gas

Jun 10, 2014 · Transient grating spectroscopy enables us to reveal clear modulations of the harmonic emission. This heterodyne detection shows that the harmonic emission generated between 14 and 26 eV is mainly sensitive to two among the three active Raman modes in SF 6 , i.e. the strongest and fully symmetric υ 1 -A 1 g mode (774 cm −1 , 43 fs) and the slowest mode υ 5 -T 2 g (524 cm −1 , 63 fs).

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G Guuiiddeelliinneess ttoo AAccccoouunntt ffoorr aanndd

generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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Sulfr hexafluoride gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

The US EPA reports that sf 6 has an atmospheric lifetime of around 3200 years, and a global warming potential (100-year horizon) of 23,900 times that of CO2. The EPA does no t report emission of Sulfr hexafluoride separately, but instead reports a group of gases, including hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and Sulfr hexafluoride. The emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and gaz sf6 for 2000 are shown in the EPA report as having 2% of the global warming potential of all greenhouse gas emissions.

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Greenhouse gas emissions in building construction: A case

In a similar vein, Hong et al. [18] and Yan et al. [24] analysed the greenhouse gas emissions during the construction phase of buildings in China and Hong Kong using process-based analysis. For

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REDUCTIONS OF Sulfr hexafluoride EMISSIONS FROM HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE

equivalent, which is twice the current trading price of emission allowances in the mandatory EU emissions trading scheme. The electricity industry has managed the growing population of insulating gas equipment in the EU-25+3 in order to reduce annual emissions from 4.8 million tons of CO2-equivalent to 2.9 million tons – delivering a

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Essentials of insulating gas monitoring | TD Guardian Articles

Because Sulfr hexafluoride has a global warming potential that is almost 24,000 times greater than CO2, it gets a lot of attention. And since the electric power industry is responsible for nearly 80% of the world’s usage, our industry has taken significant steps to reduce or eliminate the emissions from gas insulated switchgear.

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Air quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy

Jul 01, 2019 · For Hong Kong as a whole the CUSUM analysis does not confirm a reduction in ambient SO 2 concentration when the shipping emission policy was implemented . Similarly, for the other stations in Hong Kong CUSUM showed SO 2 concentration to be declining before implementation of the policy . Download : Download high-res image (510KB)

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Home - HK 2050 is Now

The October 2018 IPCC report Global Warming of 1.5°C highlights that global annual emissions need to be reduced to about half from the current levels by 2030 in order to limit global warming to 1.5˚C. This goal will only be achieved if net emissions are reduced to zero by around 2050. Hong Kong is committed to take action under the Paris

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China city-level greenhouse gas emissions inventory in 2015

Nov 01, 2019 · However, the official reports of Hong Kong and Macao and GHG emission inventory of Taiwan cities provide no definite uncertainty. We found that The People’s Republic of China First Biennial Update Report on Climate Change presented the uncertainty of GHG emissions in 2012 in Hong Kong and Macao. The uncertainty of GHG emissions in 2015 of the

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Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) | Data

Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ): edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu

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How to prepare an ESG Report - Hong Kong Stock Exchange

3 ESG Reporting Guide Guidelines/ Reference/Resources KPI A1.1 The types of emissions and respective emissions data. GRI: 305-1, 305-2, 305-4, 305-6, 305-7

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Gas Detection Infrared Camera: Fluke Ti450 insulating gas | Fluke

The Ti450 insulating gas Gas Leak Detector tips the scales on performance and affordability. With its pistol grip comfort and point-and-shoot convenience, even the tough spots become easy to diagnose. With the added feature of SF 6 pinpoint detection, you can get the analysis you need anytime, anywhere.

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Agreement No . CE 45/2007 (EP)A Study of Climate Change in

forecasted emissions for the period 2005 to 2030, the potential options for reducing emissions and the analysis of three alternate scenarios for emissions reduction. • Appendix C: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment. This appendix summarises the findings of an assessment of the Hong Kong SAR’s

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OECD iLibrary | IEA CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Statistics

This dataset comprises a detailed set of statistics on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions estimates from fossil fuel combustion. It includes an extensive set of products emitting CO2 from combustion analyzed in terms of their respective industry flows (iron and steel, manufacturing industries, agriculture, machinery, etc).

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HK 2013 Hong Kong Ecological Footprint rEport 2013

deficits than Hong Kong. Within Asia, Hong Kong has the second largest per capita deficit, just after Singapore. Hong Kong’s status: • From 1962 to 2008, Hong Kong’s population increased by 120 percent but its per capita Ecological Footprint increased nearly 400 percent, to 4.7 gha. Only 25 countries with populations larger than one

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A LOW CARBON VISION FOR HONG KONG

The projection of the energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong up to 2030 under the Business-as-usual (BAU) Scenario and several low carbon scenarios shows that through a number of energy and low carbon policies, Hong Kong can achieve a signifi cant reduction in its GHG emissions.

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Buildings | Free Full-Text | Carbon Emissions of Hotels: The

These results indicated that hotels had a significant contribution to GHG emissions. In a similar study conducted by Filimonau, et al. in Hong Kong, three hotels reported 9619 tons, 7078 tons and 2219 tons. Therefore, it is evident that Sri Lankan hotels have a similar impact on the global GHG emissions to that of the Hong Kong hotels.

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Companies are crucial to solving the climate crisis. 75% are

Apr 21, 2021 · In an analysis published on Thursday, sustainable finance firm Arabesque assigned companies in 14 of the worldlargest stock indexes a "temperature score" based on publicly reported emissions

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