Hong Kong Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and sf 6). Hong Kong greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2012 was 58,633.52, a 2.96% increase from 2011.

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Control in Hong Kong

GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION EFFORTS IN HONG KONG Vincent T F CHEUNG, Shermann C P FONG, W S TSUI, S W PANG Environmental Protection Department Hong Kong SAR, China Summary Hong Kong is a small emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG), contributing less than 0.2% of the total global emissions.

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Greenhouse gas emission and its control in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Date: 21 May 2007 (1) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in Hong Kong Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong. In the year 2005, 99% of the GHG emissions in Hong Kong is due to CO2 (Table 1). There was a substantial

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GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

The paper concludes with a review of available emission factors for sf 6 and their uncertainty (order-of-magnitude, based on expert judgement). 2 MAGNITUDE OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SOURCES Greenhouse gas emissions from industrial processes are presently about 3% of global total CO2-eq. emissions ( Figure 1).

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2012 Hong Kong Emission Inventory Report

emissions for the formulation of air quality management strategy. It helps assess the effectiveness of emission control measures that are in implementation, identify areas where control actions should be stepped up, support air quality impact modeling and assessment, etc. 1.2 This report presents the 2012 Hong Kong emission inventory.

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Overview of insulating gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of sf 6 Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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(PDF) Emission measurement of diesel vehicles in Hong Kong

A two-year remote sensing measurement program was carried out in Hong Kong to obtain a large dataset of on-road diesel vehicle emissions. Analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of vehicle

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Guidelines to Acount for and Report on Greenhouse Gas

generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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Sulfr hexafluoride gas measuring devices – Synergy Power Systems

The insulating gas Multi Analyser is a user and maintenance-friendly device which guarantees high measuring accuracy. First of all, the gas is checked for decompositions products. If critical SO2 values are determined the measurement can be interrupted. In case of contaminated Sulfr hexafluoride the complete measuring gas can be recovered from the internal vessel.

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CARB Amending sf 6 Regulation: Stricter Requirements for

Mar 04, 2019 · The current sf6 gas Regulation came into effect in 2011, setting an annual emission rate limit for gaz sf6 as a percentage of a GIE owner’s cumulative sf6 gas nameplate capacity. Allowable emission rates under the sf6 gas Regulation started at 10% in 2011, decreasing by 1% per year until 2020, after which point the allowable emission rate remains constant at 1%.

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sf 6 Transmitter - Draeger

Sulfr hexafluoride Transmitter Product Information, en-master. The Sulfr hexafluoride transmitter is ideally suited for the gas measurement of sulfur hexafluoride in the field of high voltage engineering. The transmitter can be used both as a gas leak detector and to monitor the gas quality in gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) or transformers. Download

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Improving measurements of SF for the study of atmospheric

The sf 6precision, defined as one standard deviation of a series of 8–10 determinations of Sulfr hexafluoride. concentration, is typically 1–2%. Changes in ECD response (drift) are monitored by alternating the unknown with injec- tions of a natural-air working standard. Both 5% Ar in CH4.

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for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for building operations is instrumental in bringing down our GHG emissions. It will also have the co-benefits of reducing operational costs and improving the local and regional air quality. In order to assist the users and managers of buildings to improve their awareness of GHG

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TITLE DOCUMENT NUMBER sf6 gas EMISSIONS REPORTING - SUBSTATIONS 521

Feb 09, 2010 · 2.1. Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Inventory Reporting Protocol and Form 3. DEFINITIONS 3.1. insulating gas – Sulfur hexafluoride 3.2. sf6 gas Bottles – Sulfr hexafluoride Compressed Gas Cylinders 3.3. GCB - Gas Circuit Breaker 3.4. Empty sf6 gas Bottles – insulating gas Compressed Gas Cylinders that have been emptied by a sf 6 Recovery System 3.5.

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GIS Owners in California Must Comply With Sulfr hexafluoride Regulation

Jan 11, 2019 · Regulation of Sulfr hexafluoride Gases in California. CARB first took action to regulate Sulfr hexafluoride in 2007, designating the reduction of sf6 gas emissions from electricity transmission and distribution equipment a high priority “early action measure” under the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32).

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sf 6 gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

The emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and gaz sf6 for 2000 are shown in the EPA report as having 2% of the global warming potential of all greenhouse gas emissions. A CIGRE working group WG23.02 studied insulating gas use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of insulating gas has into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1% of the total

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REDUCTIONS OF sf6 gas EMISSIONS FROM HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE

mandatory EU emissions trading scheme. The electricity industry has managed the growing population of gaz sf6 equipment in the EU-25+3 in order to reduce annual emissions from 4.8 million tons of CO2-equivalent to 2.9 million tons – delivering a reduction of nearly 40 % in less than ten years. While the action already taken covers

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Air quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy

Jul 01, 2019 · Background. On July 1st, 2015, Hong Kong became the first city in Asia to implement a policy regulating sulfur dioxide (SO 2) in shipping emissions.We conducted an accountability study assessing the improvement in ambient air quality and estimating the effect on health outcomes of the policy.

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ACP - Relations - History of atmospheric sf6 gas from 1973 to 2008

The impact of inhomogeneous emissions and topography on ozone photochemistry in the vicinity of the Hong Kong island Yuting Wang, Yong-Feng Ma, Domingo Muñoz-Esparza, Cathy W. Y. Li, Mary Barth, Tao Wang, and Guy P. Brasseur

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Essentials of sf 6 monitoring | TD Guardian Articles

The EPA estimates that sf6 gas recycling could eliminate 10% of total related emissions from the U.S. electric industry. Employee Education/Training; Making employees aware of the environmental impact of these emissions and establishing a corporate policy for managing Sulfr hexafluoride is critical. You cannot manage what you don’t measure!

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Hong Kong CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

Hong Kong CO2 Emissions. Fossil CO2 emissions in China, Hong Kong SAR were 47,066,386 tons in 2016. CO2 emissions increased by 1.23% over the previous year, representing an increase by 572,124 tons over 2015, when CO2 emissions were 46,494,262 tons. CO2 emissions per capita in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PeopleRepublic of China are equivalent to 6.50 tons per person (based on a population of 7,243,542 in 2016 ), an increase by 0.03 over the figure of 6.47 CO2 tons

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Hong Kong SAR Air Quality Index (AQI) and Hong Kong SAR Air

Hong Kong SAR Air Quality Index (AQI) is now Moderate. Get real-time, historical and forecast PM2.5 and weather data. Read the air pollution in Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong SAR with AirVisual.

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Sulfr hexafluoride Transmitter - Draeger

sf6 gas Transmitter Product Information, en-master. The insulating gas transmitter is ideally suited for the gas measurement of sulfur hexafluoride in the field of high voltage engineering. The transmitter can be used both as a gas leak detector and to monitor the gas quality in gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) or transformers. Download

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CARB Amending Sulfr hexafluoride Regulation: Stricter Requirements for

Mar 05, 2019 · Assembly Bill 32 (2006) (AB 32) requires that the State reduce GHG emissions to the 1990 level by 2020, and the sf6 gas Regulation was adopted as an early action measure under AB 32 due to the high

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Dilo 3-038 gaz sf6 Gas MulitiAnalyser - Test Measurement Equipment

using the Sulfr hexafluoride-Multi-Analyser, a service cart or compressor unit. Features. No emissions of measuring gas; Modular interchangeability of the sensors; Easy and user friendly menu navigation via high quality 7“ capacitive colour touch screen; Results of up to 500 measurements can be stored with name, date and time; Battery and external power supply

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SF Emissions Reduction Partnership For Electric Power Systems

Total insulating gas Emissions (lbs.) 560,535 504,328 492,554 Average Partner Emissions Rate 11.0% 10.9% 10.1% Absolute Emissions Reduction From 1999 Baseline (lbs.) 56,207 67,982 Absolute Emissions Reduction From 1999 Baseline (MMTCO2E) 0.61 0.74 aA total of 37 partners have submitted reports for each reporting year (1999, 2000, and 2001).

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3.5 sf 6 electrical equipment other uses 20030113

sf 6 emissions at 6,060 tonnes or 73% of annual consumption in 1995, which is in good agreement with atmospheric observations. These emissions are about 0.4% of present global total CO2-equivalent emissions and 12% of total industrial process emissions. Resulting emissions per insulating gas application are shown in Figure 1, which

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Clean Energy Law Report : Renewable Energy Lawyer and

In what will likely be viewed as the most far-reaching measure, the Executive Order requires all passenger vehicle sales starting in 2035 to have zero emissions — a mandate that essentially bans sales of new internal-combustion-powered passenger vehicles in California. As discussed below, the Executive Order raises several significant issues.

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Vehicle emission standard - Wikipedia

An emission performance standard is a limit that sets thresholds above which a different type of vehicle emissions control technology might be needed. While emission performance standards have been used to dictate limits for conventional pollutants such as oxides of nitrogen and oxides of sulphur (NO x and SO x), this regulatory technique may be used to regulate greenhouse gasses, particularly

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