Emissions Summary for Indonesia

Emissions Summary for Indonesia GHG net emissions/removals by LULUCF / LUCF 2.E. Production of Halocarbons and Sulfr hexafluoride - 4.F. Field Burning of Agricultural Residues -

Get Price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

In a subsequent effort to reproduce the historical emission trends of Maiss and Brenninkmeijer from a bottom-up analysis of national activities, starting with the modified SPS inventory by Maiss and Brenninkmeijer (1998), Olivier and Bakker (1999) made an estimate of national use and emissions of insulating gas per source category. Out of a

Get Price

Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from

requirements so that GHG emission estimates from organic soil fire were expressed in tonnes of each GHG emitted. The method used for determining country-specific emission factors for Indonesia follows the approach described in IPCC 2013, using Equation 2.8 as described in the box below. 4 See Table 2.1 in IPCC 2013 5 See Table 2.2 in IPCC 2013

Get Price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Indonesia - Climatelinks

7 Republic of Indonesia. National Forest Reference Emissions Level for Deforestation and Forest Degradation, 2015. 8 The World Bank. The Cost of Fire: An Economic Analysis of Indonesia’s 2015 Fire Crisis, 2016. 9 Ibid. Indonesia Numbers at a Glance (2013) 2161 MtCO₂e* Total GHG emissions (4.47% of world total) World: 48,257 MtCO₂e 251,268,276

Get Price

ASSESSMENT OF SUBNATIONAL AND NON-STATE CLIMATE ACTION INDONESIA

Sep 19, 2019 · Indonesia is the fourth largest global emitter of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, primarily due to significant emissions from its forestry sector – which reached almost 1.5 GtCO 2e/year in 2015. Indonesia has developed a number of policies to curtail its LULUCF emissions, including the Forest Moratorium (Kuramochi et al., 2018),

Get Price

UNdata | record view | Sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) Emissions

GHG emission inventories are developed by Parties to the Convention using scientific and methodological guidance from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), such as 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Revised Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (1996), IPCC Good Practice Guidance and

Get Price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Measurement and Reporting

Feb 14, 2018 · Use of sf 6 in electrical equipment Page 83 Section 2.15 Any other process or activity resulting in GHG emissions User-specified Section 2.16 Reporting status of parameters For each emission stream, a reporting status is assigned to each parameter of the formula used to compute emissions.

Get Price

Reducing emissions from land use change in Indonesia: An

Nov 01, 2019 · Indonesiagreenhouse gas emissions and reduction targets. Total emissions of Indonesiagreenhouse gases increased from 1000.4 MtCO 2 e in 2000 to 1844.3 Mt. CO 2 e in 2014, with emissions from forests and peat fires increasing from 505.3 MtCO 2 e in 2000 to 979.4 MtCO 2 e in 2014 (Republic of Indonesia, 2017).

Get Price

Oil and Gas in Indonesia - PwC

Oil and Gas in Indonesia Investment and Taxation Guide 5 Term Definition CIF Cost, Insurance, Freight CITR Corporate Income Tax Return CNG Compressed Natural Gas CoD Certificate of Domicile DEN Dewan Energi Nasional (National Energy Council) DER Debt-to-Equity Ratio DGB Directorate General of Budget DGoCE Directorate General of Customs and Excise

Get Price

Industry Report: ICT in Indonesia | S-GE

By 2025, Indonesia’s digital economy is expected to contribute USD 150 billion to the GDP. To achieve the target, the Indonesian government is currently implementing a massive infrastructure development, the Palapa Ring Project, which will provide 4G network to all Indonesian cities and regencies by 2019. As part of the digital transformation, the government has launched several national

Get Price

Submission by Indonesia NATIONAL FOREST REFERENCE EMISSIONS

Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV). Likewise, the pledge can be categorized as supported NAMAs, and in the case of land use sector in Indonesia, contribution to the 41 % emissions reduction target may be achieved through several schemes, including REDD+ and supported NAMAs (REDD+ Task Force, 2012).

Get Price

Reporting hydrofluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride gases

All emissions of sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) are reportable from the operation of facilities across all industry sectors (see NGER Measurement Determination sections 4.100 and 4.101), when any activities of the facility require the use of gas insulated switch gear and circuit breaker applications (paragraph 4.16 (1)(d) of the NGER Regulations).

Get Price

Managing gaz sf6 Gas Inventory and Emissions

Digital insulating gas Tracking Solutions Advantages ‐All data accessible through single database ‐No end of year data crunching necessary ‐Instantaneous access to sf 6 inventories, leak rates, Nameplate capacity, Acquisition and Disbursement activity assuming proper data entry ‐All sf 6 transfers recorded

Get Price

Indonesia Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and Sulfr hexafluoride). Indonesia greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2012 was 780,550.76, a 2.23% increase from 2011.

Get Price

National Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals

Nov 01, 2015 · National Carbon Accounting System, commonly known as the INCAS. At a public seminar in Jakarta on 27 March 2015, I formally endorsed the INCAS as Indonesia’s national platform for greenhouse gas accounting to help meet our future measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) requirements in the land based sectors.

Get Price

Electricity Transmission and Distribution Greenhouse Gas

Sulfur hexafluoride is a commonly used insulator in electricity transmission and distribution equipment. Because of its high global warming potential (GWP), CARB adopted the Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear in 2010.

Get Price

Submission by Indonesia NATIONAL FOREST REFERENCE EMISSION

Indonesia accepts the invitation as in Dec. 12/CP.17 to voluntarily submit proposed national FREL for deforestation and forest degradation in the context of results-based payments for activities relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and

Get Price

Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of insulating gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.

Get Price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Measurement and Reporting

Measurement of GHG emissions directly at the point of release, e.g. a Continuous Emissions Monitoring System (CEMS) that measure the exhaust gas flow rate and the concentration of the GHG emissions at an exhaust stack. b) Default conversion factors (emission factors and net calorific values), and Global Warming

Get Price

3.5 Sulfr hexafluoride electrical equipment other uses 20030113

Emissions of gaz sf6 are virtually all of anthropogenic origin (Harnisch et al., 1996). Estimation of global historical emissions of sf 6 can be based on a survey of global annual sales per application conducted by an independent auditor, Science and Policy Services (S PS, 97). In this survey the following applications were distinguished as follows:

Get Price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

Get Price

Emissions Reduction Program in Indonesia

REDD+ Readiness in Indonesia (4) • Reference emissions level • National REL establishment progressing – data collection and methodology development • Draft RELs for 11 pilot provinces prepared • National Measurement, Reporting and Verification System • Design document for a national MRV system prepared and under consultation

Get Price

insulating gas: The Truths and Myths of this Greenhouse Gas

sf6 gas is damaging to the environment: TRUE. Along with CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs and PFCs, Sulfr hexafluoride is an industrial gas that doesn’t exist naturally in the atmosphere and so impacts the radiation balance, contributing to climate change. Sulfr hexafluoride is the energy industry’s “dirty little secret”: FALSE. sf6 gas is certainly no secret in the Norwegian energy industry. Its use is highly regulated, and many of its users are working together to share experience and come up with viable alternatives sf6 gas is used in wind turbines: TRUE. insulating gas is used not in the turbine itself, but in the switchgear that controls the current generated by the turbine. But there is nothing unique about wind turbines. There are no viable alternatives to insulating gas: PARTLY FALSE. Bodies including the European Union are known to be considering a ban on gaz sf6 at low-to-medium voltage levels in the future.

BROWN TO GREEN : T G20 TT TO OW˜CARBON ONOMY | 2017

OF NATIONAL PLEDGES, TARGETS AND NDC 10 inadequate medium sufficient role model Indonesia’s emissions from both deforestation and coal are set to increase rapidly over the period to 2030. In contrast, to be consistent with the Paris Agreement temperature goal, the emissions should be stabilising, if not beginning to decline, by then.

Get Price

Chapter V. Recommended Standards on emissions of pollutants

have similar or higher standards than Euro VI. And since India, Indonesia, and Pakistan developed their national standards based on ECE and Euro Standards, their national standards are practically similar to the Euro standard. Republic of Korea is currently developing its own national standard but also using Euro VI simultaneously.

Get Price

Indonesia | Climate Action Tracker

The government’s National Recovery Programme does not support low-carbon options; instead, it bails out coal-heavy electric utilities. The CAT continues to rate Indonesia “Highly Insufficient.” The CAT expects Indonesia’s emissions to decrease 2 to 6% in 2020 compared to 2019.

Get Price

DILO Company, Inc. | LinkedIn

DILO Company, Inc. | 833 followers on LinkedIn. The sf 6 Experts! | DILO Company, Inc. is the world leader in gaz sf6 maintenance equipment. With over 50 years of manufacturing sf 6 technologies, our

Get Price

Google

Search the worldinformation, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for.

Get Price

Pollutant information - NAEI, UK - NAEI, UK National

Emissions occur due to its use in a small number of applications. Annual emissions have decreased by 58% since 1995. The largest source is related to the use of SF 6 for electrical insulation (47% of the total in 2018). Emissions arise during the manufacture and filling of electrical switchgear and from leakage and during maintenance throughout

Get Price

TITLE DOCUMENT NUMBER sf6 gas EMISSIONS REPORTING - SUBSTATIONS 521

Feb 09, 2010 · emission is presented in pounds of Sulfr hexafluoride and in metric tons of CO2-equivalent. CO2 equivalent is 23,900 multiplied by the Sulfr hexafluoride emission (multiplier subject to change based on regulatory guidelines, and represents the Sulfr hexafluoride emission equivalent environmental impact relative to CO2). 4.2.6.

Get Price