Data Statistics | Environmental Protection Department

The emission inventory for Hong Kong was first published on EPDwebsite in March 2000. The emission inventory comprises estimates of emissions from seven source categories for six major air pollutants, namely: sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NOx), respirable suspended particulates (RSP or PM 10 ), fine suspended particulates (FSP or PM 2.5 ), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and carbon monoxide (CO).

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Control in Hong Kong

GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION EFFORTS IN HONG KONG Vincent T F CHEUNG, Shermann C P FONG, W S TSUI, S W PANG Environmental Protection Department Hong Kong SAR, China Summary Hong Kong is a small emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG), contributing less than 0.2% of the total global emissions.

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Greenhouse gas emission and its control in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Date: 21 May 2007 (1) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in Hong Kong Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong. In the year 2005, 99% of the GHG emissions in Hong Kong is due to CO2 (Table 1). There was a substantial

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Marine Vessel Smoke Emissions in Hong Kong and the Pearl

Hong Kong and the PRD would provide a full picture of ship exhaust emissions and their environmental consequences, as well as the much needed evidence to drive ship emissions reduction policies in this region as a whole.

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GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Global Emission Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Processes: sf 6 287 Figure 2 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Pg CO2-eq. HFCs+PFCs+sf 6 - total N2O - non-Annex I countries CH4 - non-Annex I

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Online Dew Point Monitoring of Sulfr hexafluoride-Gas-Insulated Equipment

Dew point Sensor When designing an online measurement setup for a dew point sensor in insulating gas-insulated equipment, the basic principles of water vapor behavior described earlier should be taken into account in order to ensure correct measurement and thus to enable valid conclusions to be drawn. Traditionally the dew point of Sulfr hexafluoride has been measured by

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Measuring Dew Point and Moisture in Sulfr hexafluoride Gas

Most Gas Insulated Equipment (GIE) manufacturer recommend minimum and maximum tolerances for certain variables within the gas, including moisture, gas decomposition, and purity of Sulfr hexafluoride. A typical dew point range for servicing the sf6 gas equipment is -50…-20 °C. Pure Sulfr hexafluoride may be even drier.

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CARBON FOOTPRINT COUNTRY SPECIFIC ELECTRICITY GRID GREENHOUSE

Africa South Africa 0.9606 Climate Transparency (2018 Report) 2017 Emissions intensity of the power sector Asia China (PR) 0.6236 Climate Transparency (2018 Report) 2017 Emissions intensity of the power sector Hong Kong (China) 0.8000 or 0.7400 Hong Kong Electric Company (2018) or CLP Group (2018) These two companies supply different

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Hong Kong falls 78 per cent short of 2030 carbon emissions

Dec 04, 2018 · Hong Kong has fallen 78 per cent short of the 2030 carbon emissions target set by C40 Cities for high emitting cities, a study by NGO CarbonCare InnoLab has suggested. Hong Kong is set to reduce

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insulating gas gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

The emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and insulating gas for 2000 are shown in the EPA report as having 2% of the global warming potential of all greenhouse gas emissions. A CIGRE working group WG23.02 studied sf6 gas use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride has into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1% of the total global warming potential in the same time period.

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CDM: Point of Use Abatement Device to Reduce gaz sf6 emissions in

Monitoring report: 01 Oct 2010 - 31 Dec 2010 (724 KB) Issuance request state: Issued CERs requested up to 31 December 2012: 214847 Serial Range: Block start: KR-5-74481336-1-1-0-3440 Block end: KR-5-74696182-1-1-0-3440

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(PDF) Emission measurement of diesel vehicles in Hong Kong

events, which was the speed envelope of the Hong Kong transient emissions testing (HKTET) for emission certificates (Commissioner for Transp ort, 2012). A mong the 417714 re cords obtained, 105627

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Hong Kong greenhouse gas inventory for 2015 released

Hong Kongtotal GHG emissions in 2015 amounted to 41.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e), representing a decrease of about 7.5 per cent compared with 2014. Our per capita GHG emission and carbon intensity were about 5.7 tonnes and 0.017 kg CO2-e per Hong Kong Dollar GDP, representing a drop of about 8.4 per cent and 9.7 per

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Dew Point Equipment Suppliers, all Quality Dew Point

Dew Point Equipment, Dew Point Equipment Suppliers Directory - Find variety Dew Point Equipment Suppliers, Manufacturers, Companies from around the World at medical equipment ,electric equipment for solar electricity ,gym equipment, Physical Therapy Equipments

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sf 6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) | Data

Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) from The World Bank: Data. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus).

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generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The transport sector is the second largest GHG emission source (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, reducing electricity consumption for

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CARB Amending gaz sf6 Regulation: Stricter Requirements for

Mar 04, 2019 · The current gaz sf6 Regulation came into effect in 2011, setting an annual emission rate limit for Sulfr hexafluoride as a percentage of a GIE owner’s cumulative gaz sf6 nameplate capacity. Allowable emission rates under the sf 6 Regulation started at 10% in 2011, decreasing by 1% per year until 2020, after which point the allowable emission rate remains constant at 1%.

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Essentials of sf 6 monitoring | TD Guardian Articles

Because gaz sf6 has a global warming potential that is almost 24,000 times greater than CO2, it gets a lot of attention. And since the electric power industry is responsible for nearly 80% of the world’s usage, our industry has taken significant steps to reduce or eliminate the emissions from gas insulated switchgear.

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EMISSION FACTORS 2020 DATABASE DOCUMENTATION

LOSSCORREC As electricity is transmitted through a grid from the generation point to the consumption point, losses can occur for different reasons - they usually represent between 5 and 15% of the energy transmitted, mainly depending on the distance of the lines. Basically, for each kWh being consumed, a higher amount had to be generated.

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Contact COSA Xentaur - Contact Us - COSA Xentaur

COSA Xentaur 4140 World Houston Parkway Suite 180 Houston, TX 77032 USA +1-713-947-9591

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dew point measurement Companies and Suppliers | Environmental

List of dew point measurement companies, manufacturers and suppliers

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EU-F-Gas-regulation and its impact on manufacturers and users

6 emissions in the lifecycle dew-point temperature, SF. 6-byproducts. SF. 6 EU-F-Gas-regulation and its impact on manufacturers and users of sf 6-electric

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Environmental Affairs - LegCo

Hong Kong ha. Figure 3 – Greenhouse gas emissions by source . Highlights • Over the past 130 years or so, the annual average temperature in Hong Kong has increased by a total of 1.8 degree Celsius (°C) to 23.7°C, while the annual number of hot nights (with temperature of at least 28°C) surged by 24 times to 30 days (Figure 1).

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REDUCTIONS OF sf6 gas EMISSIONS FROM HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE

2 Global warming potentials (GWP) are calculated values, depending on the point in time and the timeframe for which they are calculated. For gaz sf6 a GWP of 23,900 is laid down in the Kyoto-Protocol and is used in this study in order to ensure consistency with the EU- and global greenhouse gas emissions which are also calculated with the Kyoto-GWPs.

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Fluoride Action Network | Sulfur hexafluoride (gaz sf6) emission

Abstract: Sulfur hexa fluoride (sf6 gas) is the most potent greenhouse gas regulated under the Kyoto Protocol, with a high global warming potential. In this study, insulating gas emissions from China were inventoried for 1990–2010 and projected to 2020. Results reveal that the highest sf6 gas emission contribution originates from the electrical equipment sector (about 70%), followed by the magnesium production sector, the semiconductor manufacture sector and the gaz sf6 production sector (each about 10%).

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Sulfr hexafluoride Emission Reduction:What Taiwan is Doing

Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Reduction Strategies for Electric Power Systems ¾To set a maintenance center 9For small distribution system 9For phasing out SF 6 ¾To recover SF 6 in servicing SF 6 equipment 9From international companies using larger system 9From Local companies using small/medium system ¾To inventory SF 6 emission 9To accelerate removal older

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Air quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy

Jul 01, 2019 · Background. On July 1st, 2015, Hong Kong became the first city in Asia to implement a policy regulating sulfur dioxide (SO 2) in shipping emissions.We conducted an accountability study assessing the improvement in ambient air quality and estimating the effect on health outcomes of the policy.

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56% Emissions Reduction Eyed by Hong Kong with Electrified

Apr 03, 2013 · Replacing Hong Kong’s 18,000 propane autogas taxis and 12,000 diesel buses with electric taxis and buses would mean a reduction in emissions equivalent to over 800,000 private cars, according to BYD, and a leap towards its ultimate target: low-city-noise, zero emissions, and zero pollution.

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Containerized PSA Nitrogen Generator - Nitrogen Gas

PARAMETERS: Dimensions: 240″ – 480″ L x 96″ W x 114″ H: Weight: 18,000 – 40,000 lbs *Power Requirement: 480 – 900 WATT @ 120 VAC Supply: Inlet Air Connection:

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